Surendra Varma, Kushal Konwar Sarma and S. R. Sujata


Data was collected through observation of animal/s and interviews with personnel/management, representing various aspects of the elephant’s life in captivity. The data was grouped under different parameters based on physical/social/managerial/ physiological relevance to the animals. A team of experts rated different parameters important to the welfare of captive elephants and this rating was then used to assess the welfare status of elephants and their handlers.

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