We carried out a survey of mammals in Uttara Kannada, Karnataka, between February and April, 2002. During a walk of 198 km in several regions, in addition to direct sightings, the locals, officials of the Public Works Department and Karnataka Forest Department were interviewed to gather information on the occurrence of different animal species in each region. We found that an elephant herd had disappeared from Gersoppa region. Locals and official stated that during 1992, two elephants were found dead in the backwaters of the Gersoppa Dam.
Recently, I had an opportunity of making a faunistic survey at Thekkady (Kerala State) on the bank of Periyar Lake. The lake is an artificial one, formed out of the impounded waters of the Periyar River for irrigating the Vaigai Valley in Madras State. Part of the original forest on the hillocks on the way is submerged by the diverted river water and, in the midst of the lake, we can see isolated hillocks and, on them, remnant strips of the forest. The Kerala Government has established a game sanctuary for wild elephants at this beautiful place.
Analysed were the allozume and isozyme variation in seven species of southern African elephant-shrews. Allozyme and isozyme patterns obtained were species-specific. The data obtained showed a vast degree of divergence amongst the members of the genus Elephantulus, with Nei's genetic distance values ranging from 0.571 to 0.810 while the degree of divergence between Macroscelides proboscideus and Petrodromus tetradactylus was rather low, with a Nei's genetic distance value of 0.323.
Early in the present century an albino elephant calf was captured by the Government kheddah department in the Katha Forest Divison. The calf was presented to the Trustees of the Shwe Dagon Pagoda, but died shortly after arrival at Rangoon as a result of over-feeding by pilgrims.
I studied the Ecology of elephants of Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary for four years between 1989 to 1992. Dalma is situated on the Chhotanagpur Plateau of south Bihar. The essential feature in the physical aspect of the elephant' habitats in south Bihar, is the prevalence of plateaux and hills, often rising into mountains which rarely exceed 1000m in elevation. The forest of Dalma belongs to a unique Shorea-Cleistanthus-Croton series (Gadgil and Meher-Homji 1986).
A new, pale form of Pedicularis groenlandica Retz. (elephant's-head lousewort) from Churchill, Manitoba is described as forma chlorina Staniforth, Maycock & Svoboda. Individuals of this form lack the normal reddish anthocyanin pigment found throughout foliage, stems and flowers of the type variety. Six mature palnts possessed old infructescences that predated their discovery by three years.