Processing of Elephant Dung and its Utilization as a Raw Material for Making Exotic Paper

Submitted by Archiver on Mon, 15/10/2018 - 14:05
Abstract

Paper is one of the most in demand commodities of the world. Excessive deforestation has led to scarcity of wood resources,
and it is needed to conserve them to protect the integrity of the ecosystem. The pulp and paper scientists are continuously
struggling for non-wood raw materials that can be pulped in to exotic papers of high value. In the present study, an attempt
was made to investigate the potential of elephant dung as a non-conventional raw material to make exotic paper. For this
purpose, elephant dung was dried under sun for 4-5 hours and then in oven at 105°C for 30 min. The dung sample was then
cooked by chemithermomechnical (CTMP), semi-chemical and chemical soda-anthraquinone pulping processes in different
experimental trials by varying the alkali dose. The papers were then tested for different physical and optical properties to
estimate the quality of the elephant dung paper. In the current study, the optimum cooking conditions to make elephant dung
paper in terms of maximum properties was 14.0% NaOH and 0.5% Anthraquinone (AQ) on o.d.p. Different type of exotic
papers can be produced from elephant dung such as writing sheets, diaries, scrap books and greeting cards in a wide variety
of styles and colors that could attract the attention of tourists and art lovers; resulting in revenue generation that could be
used for the betterment of elephants and their owners.

Author

Nadeem Farah, Moazzam Amna, Yaqoob Naila and Rehman Ishtiaq

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